Xavier Centre for Historical Research, Alto Porvorim
Climate change has been recognized as one of the defining challenges of the 21st century. Over the last 40 years, the adverse global impacts of global warming driven climate change has sharply increased. The World Meteorological Organization had to declare the 10 years from 2001-2010 as the “Decade of Climate Extremes”, as the massive losses and damages broke all records. The last six decades have all been warmer than the earlier ones, and the last 10 months have all broken the records of the “warmest months on instrumental record”, kept from 1880. The atmospheric Carbon Dioxide concentration has crossed 400 parts per million, the highest level in at least the last one million years of Earth’s climatic history. Scientists predict massive rise of sea levels, huge increases in storms and floods, unprecedented droughts, unusual snowfall events, wide-spread heat waves, massive pest attacks…. Many of these are already manifesting themselves in countries across the world. And the main driving factors are the massive extraction and burning of fossil carbon fuels for our ever-increasing energy demands, and also the wide-spread deforestation.
Last December, the Paris Agreement on tackling dangerous climate change was concluded at the 21st Conference of Parties of UN Framework Conference on Climate Change. Strangely, this do not talk about a particular cap or drastic reduction in fossil fuel use. In spite of the hype, many scientific analyses are showing that this agreement – if not drastically upgraded – will result in over 3 C rise in global temperatures before 2100, thus crossing the dreaded Tipping Point of Cliamte Change. There is a vastly acclerated extinction of species, bringing in – what many are calling the sixth mass extinction. Though the BRICS countries – except China – do not have a large contribution to Cumulative CO2 emission over the last century, they are some of the fastest rising emitters. China is the biggest global emitter for the last 8-9 years, India has just become the third largest. China, India & Russia are among the top five emitters, Brazil & South Africa also figure amongst the top 20. Together, the five BRICS countries account for about 43% of global emissions, with large implications for climate actions by them. At the same time, these five are also some of the largest users of Coal for their energy needs, the worst possible climate offender. China alone accounts for 45% of global Coal consumption, while BRICS countries together consume over 60% of global coal production ! On the other hand, some of the same countries are also the most vulnerable to climate change impacts, which are already taking a heavy toll of lives, properties and economies.
Thus it is extremely important for the people of the BRICS countries, as also for the world, that BRICS take a rational and precautionary approach for its vast vulnerable population, and synchronize their energy trends with needed climate actions. This workshop will have some analysis of these and try to explore possible co-working opportunities in BRICS nations to further this goal.
Organisers : BCPH & CFA
Contact : Soumya Dutta/BCPH, firstname.lastname@example.org, Maju Varghese : email@example.com,